Just about everyone alive wants to know how to get flawless and beautiful skin. Some of us will spend a lifetime trying to crack the code that is "beautiful skin". From buying expensive products to seeking out cutting edge med spa procedures, we'll stop at no end to pamper our largest organ!
Part of achieving the skin of your dreams is not only being able to know what your specific issues are (i.e. acne, excess oil, large pores, etc.) but understanding both the physiological causes of said issues and the lifestyle choices you can make to help solve them.
Luckily for you, this post will educate you on all of the above by offering some amazing beauty tips on how to get flawless and beautiful skin! Each section will also have a link to the best products to address that specific skin concern as well!
Please do not be intimidated by the amount of information in this post. If you know your specific issues with your skin you'd like to better understand and solve, simply use the Table of Contents below to be navigated to the appropriate section.
How To Get Healthy Skin
What does healthy skin look like?
What exactly is it that makes healthy skin look healthy?! It’s a multitude of things really. One aspect of healthy skin is that it appears smooth and supple, with hardly visible pores. Another aspect is that it’s also clear of breakouts, neither oily nor cracked and dry. Healthy skin also is devoid of redness and discolorations, although a minor amount of both is normal and to be expected. Healthy skin also has a reflective quality to it, a sort of natural radiance that never ventures into looking “greasy”.
There are several components of healthy skin, both on a surface and subsurface level. Consider the following:
- Healthy balance of oil and water. Oil and water levels help the skin to not only have a younger appearance, but also repair damage to itself. When we lack water, our skin is dehydrated and can end up producing too much oil to overcompensate for said lack of water. On the flip side, when we lack a healthy level of oil production, our skin is dry and more susceptible to various forms of irritation.
- Regular cellular turnover. Cellular turnover is the rate at which the body produces new cells. Skin cells must journey from the lowest layer of the epidermis to the top layer where they will eventually be shed. The quicker the cell turnover, the smoother and more radiant skin is likely to appear!
- Strong support structure. Without a strong support structure, our skin would appear droopy and weak! The dermis layer of skin has 2 layers, the papillary and reticular level. The reticular level is where most of our collagen and elastin lie. Collagen is important because it strengthens skin, while elastin is important because it helps our skin ‘bounce back’ after being deformed (such as with a pinch).
- Normal melanin production. Regardless of how fair or how dark you are, your skin has cells called melanocytes that produce a pigment known as melanin. Melanin helps to control the color of your skin, but more importantly it also helps protect us against UV Radiation! If melanocytes do not produce melanin at a consistent rate, you may find yourself with an uneven skin tone.
How to get healthy skin?
Unfortunately having healthy skin cannot typically be achieved with a “one and done” styled approach, but instead requires you to make conscious lifestyle choices. Consider the following tips on how you can achieve and maintain healthy skin:
- Limit direct sun exposure and always wear a broad spectrum SPF. Skin cancer aside, UV Radiation can also lead to other troubling issues such as uneven skin tone, redness, and extra oil production. Wearing a broad spectrum SPF helps protect you from both UVA and UVB damage.
- Drink an adequate amount of water daily. Seeing as our bodies are roughly 70% water, it should come as no surprise that replenishing with water is vital to remain not merely healthy, but alive! If you stay hydrated, your skin will show it!
- Eat a healthy and varied diet. Choose lean proteins, fiber, and a colorful array of fruits and vegetables over processed, sugary, and fatty foods. Healthy choices contain the nutrients our skin and bodies need to function effectively. There are foods out there that help with literally any skin concerns you can think of, from evening out skin tone, to helping reduce acne! So next time you visit your local grocer, try to spend more time in the produce section and less on the frozen aisles.
- Adopt a skin care routine and stick to it. Despite our best efforts to live a healthy life, we can still see major benefits by incorporating the right skin care products twice a day into our routine! On the most basic side of things, twice daily cleansing, exfoliating, and moisturizing are a MUST. All three of these actions will not only help keep skin looking and feeling great, but will keep it strong and healthy, as well as amplify the results you can achieve when using more complex products, such as with serums.
- Don’t smoke. Carcinogens from smoke can break down our skin’s support structure, making us prone to wrinkles at a younger age (no thanks!) and can also leave skin looking dull. Do I really need to explain the other dangers associated with smoking? No? Good, I didn’t think so.
- Use face masks at least twice weekly. Although not essential, I am a huge believer in the power of a good face mask! I love that they’re not something you have to do every day to see results! Also, the fact that you can throw a mask on and go about binging on Netflix or making dinner is a bonus because who doesn’t love to multitask? If you have concerns with pore size or dull skin find a mask with charcoal and for concerns with oil/acne find a mask with clay. If your concerns are for redness or dry skin find a mask that contains soothing and hydrating ingredients like green tea, mushroom extract, and/or aloe. Lastly, if you have concerns regarding uneven skin tone opt for masks that contain things like Vitamin C to help break up that extra melanin and fade dark spots.
How to Get Clear Skin
What Is Acne?
Acne can range in severity and usually appears in the form of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, pustules, papules, cysts, nodules, and even large firm bumps. Acne can also include blemishes that are inflamed and swollen from ruptures in the pores. In terms of location, acne can be found both on the face and body (most commonly on the chest, back, and shoulders). Acne also includes painful, hard bumps that can lie under the surface of the skin, such as with cystic acne.
What Causes Acne?
People can experience acne for a multitude of reasons (like genetics, stress, as a side effect of medication, poor diet/hygiene, etc.). However, regardless of what is triggering your acne, three things must exist in order for a blemish to form: oil, P. acne bacteria, and dead skin cells. Consider how each of these play a role in the causation of acne:
- P. acne bacteria. This is the bacteria that forms inside of pores and creates an infection, allowing for the formation of acne.
- Dead Skin Cells. Dead skin cells help with the formation of acne because they sit on the surface of the skin, accumulating until pores become clogged.
- Oil. Oil or “sebum” encourages acne because it is like the glue that holds dead skin cells together, creating a clogged pore.
How to Get Rid of Acne
There are a lot of different approaches one can take to help get their acne under control, and effectiveness will largely vary from person to person. Consider the following suggestions:
- Use products with salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide. I’ve often found that many people seem to think salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are interchangeable, however they most definitely are not! Salicylic acid will help to exfoliate your skin and remove dead skin cells that can lead to clogged pores. On the flip side, benzoyl peroxide is primarily known for it’s ability to kill the bacteria known as P. acne. Using them in the right ways and concentrations is crucial! Check out this article here to learn more about how to use them!
- Incorporate fruit, veggies, and a lot of water into your diet. There are many foods that have been shown to help keep skin clear because of their nutrient-rich makeup. And when it comes to water? Well besides being the very basis for life itself, water ensures our skin is hydrated which will in turn lead to a more adequate production of oil.
- Develop good hygiene habits. Okay, so don’t take this as me insinuating that you’re dirty or anything, but I think a lot of times we can all practice poor habits that ultimately hurt our skin, sometimes without even realizing it. Check out this article that discusses some of the sneaky ways we can make our skin break out!
- Only use products that are oil free and non comedogenic. If you are struggling with acne, then it’s a given you are also struggling to some extent with oil and pores being clogged. The last thing you need to do is add more oil into the picture and products that are proven to have pore-clogging ingredients in them!
- Don’t stress. No matter how bad you might think your acne is, try your best not to stress out about it! Stress hormones suppress our immune system which makes our bodies less adept at fighting off acne. If you’re stressing, you’re ultimately just making things more difficult on yourself!
How to Get Smooth Skin
What Do Large Pores Look Like?
Sure, we all have pores, in fact the average person has around 300,000 on their face alone! A healthy pore will appear virtually invisible and tight, whereas a large pore will appear stretched, flattened, and often times be visible to those around us. Pores create texture on the face, which is why people with large pores often appear as if they have little craters in their skin.
Ironically enough, these “large” pores are not actually a different size from smaller pores, but simply have a weaker cell wall, which in turn gives them a stretched appearance. Understand that pores that appear large are simply lacking in structural support.
Why Are My Pores So Big?
Unfortunately for us, you actually cannot shrink a pore, it's physiologically impossible! And while some people will simply have "larger" pores due to their age and genetic makeup, most of us can get our pores under control through the proper lifestyle. Consider the following culprits of enlarged pores:
- Genetics. Individuals who have thick and/or oily skin are more likely to have pores that appear larger since their oil glands are more active.
- Age. As we age, collagen and elastin fibers start to break down and our skin loses elasticity as gravity eventually plays a role. This causes the skin to become more relaxed, including the pore walls. Unfortunately, this process can begin as early as the twenties for some!
- Sun damage. UVA rays can damage collagen and elastin in the skin, even hindering our ability to create more. This attack on collagen especially causes pore walls to become weaker and sag, leading to pores that appear larger on our skin.
- Fatigue. While we sleep our bodies produce both collagen and elastin. By depriving ourselves of rest, our pore walls will not have the support they need to appear taut.
- Smoking. Smoking causes blood vessels to constrict, which means our cells will receive less nutrients and oxygen, causing the aging process to speed up and exaggerate things like our pore size.
How to Minimize Pores
Although it is genetically impossible to shrink a pore, there are measures we can take to thankfully give the illusion of them being smaller!
- Strengthen your pore walls. Use products that contain ingredients like yeast extract to firm and strengthen pore walls, which will restore pores’ tight and circular appearance.
- Use a gentle exfoliant. Through regular exfoliation, we can get rid of debris such as dirt, oil, and dead skin, all of which make pores appear more visible.
- Develop healthy lifestyle habits. As aforementioned, a lack of sleep, smoking, and sun exposure can all lead to pores appearing bigger. Make sure you get 7-9 hours of sleep nightly, always wear a broad spectrum SPF to protect against both UVA and UVB rays, and please, please, please do not smoke!
- Try steaming your face. To help to rid the face of impurities that enlarge and clog your pores, consider using steam then follow up with cold water to rinse to help make your pores appear smaller.
- Never attempt to extract or pick at your pores. If you feel like you have a lot of gunk in your pores and are tempted to pick, try incorporating a charcoal mask twice weekly into your routine to suction up all the oil and other debris! In fact, charcoal has been shown to work wonders in cleaning out pores and therefore helping decrease their visibility, so try to use products with that as an active ingredient more regularly.
How to Get Glowing Skin
What is Dull Skin?
Skin that lacks radiance appears dull, aged, tired, and quite frankly even lifeless in some instances! For example, I want you to imagine the skin of an 85 year old grandmother. Now I want you to imagine the skin of a 6 month old baby. Besides the obvious wrinkles and discolorations, what else differentiates the skin of these two people? If you guessed a lack of radiance then you're right!
A lack radiance is associated with older skin, which is why having dull skin in our younger years can be so frustrating! Dull skin doesn’t properly reflect light because it is made up of a disproportionate amount of dead skin cells. Dull skin lacks that healthy sheen and brightness.
What Causes Dull Skin?
The natural lifespan of a skin cell in a young adult is about 28-30 days, meaning it takes that long for a cell to regenerate. The new baby cells work their way up to the surface of the skin and push the old cells off. With these younger cells comprising the top layer of skin, light reflects better and the skin overall appears younger and more radiant as a result! However, dullness occurs when dead skin cells accumulate and fail to be shed in a timely manner. There are several reasons why old skill cells can collect on the surface of the skin and give it a dull appearance. Consider the following:
- Genetic predisposition. Some people are predisposed genetically to have a slower cell turnover, resulting in duller skin.
- Poor diet. Foods high in salt and sugar make our tissues swell, which hinders skin’s ability to reflect light.
- Dirty environmental aggressors. In our modern fossil-fueled society, our air isn’t exactly the cleanest for our skin. Pollution in the air lands on skin and can cause free radicals. Free radicals can lead to skin’s texture and tone being uneven, which in turn will diffuse light and leave it looking dull.
- Smoking. The carcinogens from smoke break down the structure and integrity of our skin. This causes skin to look not only dull, but also wrinkled, sallow, and saggy. No thanks.
- Poor skin care regimen. This is pretty simple, if you aren’t getting rid of surface debris that retard light reflection, exfoliating off dull skin cells, and adding in adequate moisture to keep skin hydrated and supple, well...you might just be asking for a dull complexion.
- Lack of sleep. Sleep time is essentially work time for our body, because this is when our body cleans house so to speak. If you’re skipping out on getting adequate sleep, your cellular turnover will be affected.
- Low water intake. Our skin and overall health depend on us drinking a healthy amount of water. In regards to our skin, low water intake means less blood flow to the skin. This can cause skin to appear sickly. Over time, dehydration can even cause our skin to appear scaly and thin which can in turn lead to deeper lines and wrinkles!
How to Make Skin Glow
Most of the culprits of dull skin are things in our lives that we totally have the power to control! Consider these following tips to bring radiance back to your skin:
- Drink more water. If you are an adult woman, aim to drink at least 70 ounces of water a day. If you're pregnant drink at least 80 and at least 105 if you’re breastfeeding. Adult men should drink at minimum 105 ounces! If you’re not a big water drinker, try mixing things up by adding lemon, mint leaves, or berries to a pitcher of water to bring in some flavor.
- Avoid foods with high fat and gluten content. Opt for foods with high concentrations of fiber, antioxidants, lean protein, and essential fatty acids.
- Always wash your face and wear a broad spectrum SPF. You’ll need to rid your skin of pollution daily and also wear a broad spectrum SPF. A broad spectrum will guarantee you're protected against both UVA and UVB damage!
- Stop smoking. I’m not going to preach to you about the various dangers of smoking, but just know that the toxins from the smoke can and will affect the appearance of the skin (as well as prevent a whole other bevy of health issues).
- Get between 7-9 hours of sleep every night. Sleeping an adequate amount of time every night will allow your cells to repair themselves. This will in turn create a healthier complexion.
- Adopt and stick to a skincare routine. Your skin care routine should be one that cleanses, exfoliates gently and moisturizes twice a day, every day.
How To Reduce Redness On Your Face
What is Inflammation?
Almost everyone has redness to some extent on the face and it is entirely normal. I cannot even begin to tell you the number of women I had on a daily basis explain to me how they suffered from rosacea, when in reality, I saw little to no redness on their bare skin. I chalk this exaggeration up to to our tendency to be our own harshest critic. In fact, studies have shown that less than 5% of the general population actually has rosacea.
With that being said, you don’t have to have rosacea to still experience redness on the face! Redness typically occurs on the cheeks, nose, and chin, but can also occur on the forehead and eyelids. Skin that suffers from redness can also be itchy, swollen, and bumpy.
What Causes Redness and Inflammation?
If you believe you have rosacea, it is important that you seek the opinion and advice of an actual dermatologist. Only a dermatologist can properly diagnosis you. But with that being said, consider the following reasons skin can appear red:
- Certain “triggers” can lead to bouts of redness. Those who have been diagnosed with rosacea and even those who haven’t can experience redness on the face through “triggers” such as with allergens, exposure to extreme temperatures, exercising, eating spicy foods, experiencing stress, alcohol consumption, and/or sun exposure.
- Broken capillaries can keep skin persistently red. Besides triggers, people who have been diagnosed with rosacea can experience persistent redness on areas of the face like the cheeks due to broken capillaries as well.
How to Get Rid of Redness and Inflammation
When it comes to diminishing redness, your plan of attack really comes down to what you believe is causing the redness in the first place. If you believe your redness is from certain “triggers” then consider the following tips:
- Use hypoallergenic and gentle products. Skin that suffers from bouts of redness is more times than not going to be skin that is very sensitive in nature. Because of this, it is crucial that you use hypoallergenic products that soothe the skin and don’t aggravate it further. Try to avoid products with unnecessary ingredients like fragrances, alcohol, and oils. Essentially, the smaller the ingredient list, the gentler the product is for your skin.
- Limit your intake of spicy foods and alcohol. If you feel like a certain food or alcoholic beverage causes you to appear red, STOP consuming it.
- Workout in cool environments and refresh skin with an anti-inflammatory face spray. You’re not going to simply stop working out just because of your redness! Try to workout in an air-conditioned room or during cooler hours of the day outside, and always stay hydrated! Keep a product in your gym bag that you can put on after a workout to soothe and calm skin. Products like face sprays rich with anti-inflammatory ingredients, such as selenium, are great!
- Wear a broad-spectrum SPF 50. A broad-spectrum SPF will not only give you protection from both UVA and UVB radiation, but a high level of 50 will block over 98% of said radiation. Wearing an SPF is important because sun exposure has been shown to aggravate redness and rosacea.
- Try not to stress out. Unfortunately, stress and anxiety can lead to a flushed complexion, so try to remain calm in difficult situations. Keep calm by focusing on keeping your breathing rhythmic and repeating positive affirmations.
But what if your redness is from broken capillaries…?
- Consider laser treatments. There are several different procedures you can have done to essentially fix broken capillaries. The most popular procedure uses a tiny needle to cauterize them off. Procedures range in price and can vary according to the amount of time required.
- Implement anti-inflammatory ingredients into your daily diet and skin care regimen. Vitamin C for instance works amazingly when applied topically and ingested to help diminish the appearance of redness and broken capillaries alike!
How to Care for Dry Skin on the Face
Do I Have Dry Skin?
Dry skin is often times uncomfortably taut or tight. It can also exhibit signs of flaking, itching, cracking, and even appear scaly and/or dull. Skin that is dry can appear anywhere on the body, however, the most common places are on the legs, hands, and forearms. The most evident and tell tale sign of having dry skin is experiencing itching.
Why is My Skin So Dry?
Some cases of dryness are related to disease or illness, but the majority of cases are caused by external factors. The cause of dry skin is typically due to environmental factors or personal habits that strip away the skin’s natural protective barrier. When the barrier is stripped away, skin is left vulnerable. Consider the following culprits of dry skin:
- Prolonged exposure to water, especially hot water. Hot water strips your skin of its natural protective oils can leave it dehydrated.
- Using products that dry out your skin. Products that strip the natural protective oils on our bodies such as soaps and harsh cleansers can also damage the skin proteins. This weakens the surface of the skin and causes an additional loss in moisture.
- Extreme temperatures and low humidity. Dry skin is most common among the winter months and with indoor heating. Both hot and cold temperatures cause the water in our skin to evaporate quicker. This causes the surface level cells to dry out more quickly and irritates the skin.
- Dehydration. When we don’t consume enough water, our cells are dry instead of plump and healthy looking.
- Certain medications. Medications such as Retinol and Benzoyl Peroxide may temporarily dry out your skin.
- Aging. As we age, our pores naturally secrete less oil which causes our skin to be drier. If this dry skin goes untreated, it can sometimes lead to more severe conditions such as dermatitis, swelling, or infection.
How to Get Rid of Dry Skin
The good news about dry skin is that most causes of it are external and can be remedied through certain lifestyle changes, giving you total control in taming this issue! Some of the easiest and most effective ways to cure dryness are:
- Use a good moisturizer. Opt for moisturizers that are rich in humectants (water-binding agents) to keep moisture locked in. I recommend finding a product with sodium hyaluronate in it because it holds 1000x it’s own weight in water. Once you’ve found a good moisturizer, use it twice daily and as needed for extra moisture.
- Avoid prolonged exposure to water, especially hot water. Use cool or lukewarm water when showering or bathing since hot water pulls the moisture out of your skin more quickly. Try limiting your shower time to 5-10 minutes and turn the water off while you shave or soap up.
- Drink plenty of water. It is important you consume enough water on a daily basis to keep cells hydrated! If you are an adult woman, aim for at least 70 ounces a day and 80 if you’re pregnant. New moms who are breastfeeding should aim for at least 105 ounces, as should adult men.
- Use products that don't strip your skin or further dry it out. Be wary of products with fragrance, alcohol, and AHAs (alpha-hydroxy acid). Also be wary of products with a foam base. Also, make sure your laundry detergent and softener are gentle formulas that won't irritate your already sensitive dry skin.
- Consume skin-friendly foods. Foods rich in essential fatty acids, silica, and antioxidants all deliver skin healthy nutrients.
- Use a humidifier. Try plugging in a humidifier in your bedroom before going to sleep to boost skin’s moisture levels overnight. You can also check if your home heating system has a built-in humidifier setting as well.
- Wear clothing that protects from seasonal aggressors. Protect the skin from environmental factors like dry air and harsh winds that can further aggravate and dry out skin. Bundle up accordingly during the fall and winter especially.
How to Care for Oily Skin
Do I Have Oily Skin?
We all produce oil or “sebum” through pores on our face every single day. However, those with excessive oil production produce the most. Oily skin has visible shine to it and may even look and feel greasy. Noticing a bit of shine in the T-Zone is normal, but those with oily skin will notice a film collecting in this area or the entire face! Oily skin not only looks unhealthy, but can also lead to other issues like acne by clogging pores!
What Causes Oily Skin?
An excess of oil is created when the sebaceous gland (oil gland) is overactive, producing too much oil. The gland can be producing too much oil for a variety of reasons, but the androgen hormone is typically to blame. Makes sense, right?
Most people experience their oiliest skin in their youth when hormones are surging. Women who are pregnant or who have recently given birth can also experience oilier skin because of hormones. However, your genetics can also contribute to an oilier skin type. So if one or both of your parents have/had oily skin, chances are you will too.
How to Get Rid of Oily Skin?
It is important to remember that a certain level of oil is essential to maintain balanced, healthy skin, so when it comes to combating oily skin it isn’t so much an issue of stopping oil production altogether, but more so regulating it. Consider the following tips:
- Properly cleanse both in the morning and at night to remove surface level oil. Oil that sits on the skin can combine with bacteria and dead skin to form a blackheads and pimples.
- Exfoliate everyday. Exfoliating on a regular basis will help to remove oil and dead skin so you are less likely to breakout.
- Only use products that are oil free and mattifying. The last thing you need is to be adding more oil into the mix! And when it comes to a finish, try to find moisturizers, foundations, and primers that are matte. It should go without saying that cream based cosmetics and products with a dewy finish will not be your best friends.
- Incorporate a clay mask into your weekly routine. Clay does an amazing job of absorbing oil on the skin. Wanna kick it up a notch? Try a hybrid charcoal and clay mask to not only absorb oil but suction up gunk from the pores.
- Use oil blotting sheets. Have these on hand for quick touchups throughout the day when needed. Oil blotting sheets are great because they not only are super inexpensive, but actually absorb and therefore remove oil.
- Set makeup accordingly. There are tons of great mattifying setting sprays on the market with a variety of price points to suit any budget. Mist a setting spray all over your finished makeup to not only lock pigment and product in place all day, but help keep oils at bay! Also, try baking your makeup with a good translucent powder to avoid oils breaking through.
- Stay zen. Try to avoid stressing out as this has been proven to actually trigger your sebaceous glands into producing more oil! Yuck!
How to Get Rid of Uneven Skin Tone
What Are the Dark Spots on My Face?
An uneven skin tone appears to have areas of highly pigmented spots or even more distributed areas of excess pigment on the surface of the skin. These pigmented spots usually appear in the form of dark and blotchy patches. This darkening of the skin is often irregular and can be unflattering to your complexion.
There are essentially two types of uneven skin tone: Hyper pigmentation and Hypo pigmentation. The former makes the appearance of the skin darker, whereas the later lightens the skin.
What Causes Dark Spots on Face?
An uneven skin tone is the result of our bodies over producing melanin, the pigment that controls skin color. Our bodies produce extra melanin to protect us from many things! Consider the following culprits for triggering extra melanin:
- Sun exposure. If you are exposed to the sun, then you run the risk of your skin getting damaged from UVA and UVB rays. Sun damage can occur from exposure to UV rays whether it be from the actual sun or from tanning beds. Melanin actually helps protect us from the sun’s radiation, so when we are exposed to it, our skin amps up production levels to offer more protection. Over time, this extra protection can result in the gradual appearance of dark spots.
- Post-Inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Uneven pigmentation in the skin can be a result of skin trauma such as acne lesions or injury to the skin.
- Hormones. A hormonal imbalance can create a skin condition known as Melasma which is a hormone-related hyperpigmentation. As hormones rise, so does the level of melanin in the skin. This is most frequent among women who are pregnant (often called a “pregnancy mask”) or taking contraceptives.
- Aging process. As we age, the cells that synthesize melanin, known as melanocytes, begin to overproduce melanin. This results in an uneven distribution of pigment to the surface level of the skin. The most common sites are the face, arms, back, and hands. This is especially true if you spend a lot of time in the sun since the sun can accelerate the aging process more quickly.
- Pollution. Compounds from air pollution are toxic to our bodies and capable of penetrating the skin which can cause the formation of brown spots and uneven skin tone, especially on the face. In addition to causing uneven skin tone, pollution can accelerate signs of aging and even cause skin cancer.
How to Remove Dark Spots on Face
Some of the most effective ways for evening out skin tone and getting rid of dark spots are to:
- Protect against environmental and sun aggressors. One of the most effective ways to combat against uneven skin tone and future damage from the sun by limiting exposure and by always wearing an SPF. Reach for a broad-spectrum SPF with a high level like 50 to not only block out the vast majority of radiation, but also both UVA and UVB!
- Use the right products. Seek out the best cleansers, toners, and moisturizers that contain active ingredients such as Vitamins A and C that target hyperpigmentation by breaking up the appearance of dark spots and/or discoloration, all while promoting healthy cell turnover.
- Exfoliate regularly. Dead skin cells can often clump together and make the skin appear darker and thicker than the surrounding areas. Consider using a gentle exfoliant to buff off these dead cells so newer, lighter, and healthier cells can replace them.
- Consume foods that are good for skin cells. Vitamins, essential fatty acids, and antioxidants can promote healthy cell turnover and help to even out skin tone
- Consider at home treatments. Home remedies that use natural ingredients like lemons, potatoes, and honey can even out skin tone and dark spots.
- Consider cosmetic procedures. Cosmetic procedures like laser treatments, enzyme exfoliations, and chemical peels can help with discoloration. Certain procedures can even help to improve the texture of your skin!